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Christopher Columbus (Cristóbal Colón)

Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy, trained as a sailor in Portugal and conceived the idea of reaching China and the East Indies by sailing westwards. In 1492 he set sail from Palos de la Frontera and, later that same year, landed in the Bahamas believing he had fulfilled his ambition. He made three further voyages from bases in Andalucía, reaching mainland South America and other islands in what are still termed the West Indies in deference to his mistake.